How to Become a Pilot in India: DGCA Pilot exam| DGCA Medical

how to become pilot

Become a Pilot in India from the best pilot school as per DGCA norms:

Till 2010, expert guidance on how to go about pilot training or how to become a commercial pilot was missing. All the information provided was in bits and pieces—misinformation with confusion all around.

Now, a student can understand the process to become a pilot in India from various platforms. And with this information, he can deeply understand the right steps to take to become a pilot.

Here, we understand how to successfully become a pilot in India in a systematic manner. After reading this article, one should be able to get their commercial pilot license in the fastest and most efficient way possible. Young aspirants interested in understanding the details of a pilot career in depth may get the wrong impressions about pilot training. Hence, we want to ensure that the students get the correct guidance. This article is for dedicated, aspiring pilots aiming to become professional commercial pilots. So a student who is on the verge of beginning his pilot training in India needs to follow the below-mentioned steps

Step 1: Check your eligibility for How to Become a Pilot in India.

how to become a pilot in india

To become a pilot a candidate should have done the 12th class in the science stream with physics and mathematics. The minimum age limit for a Commercial Pilot License is 18 years, and the maximum age limit going up to 60-65 years.

A candidate should have scored a minimum aggregate of 50% marks to become eligible for a Commercial Pilot License.

A candidate is required to pass the class 2 medical test to become eligible for a Student Pilot License (SPL).

Important: What if you don’t have physics and math in 12th class?

It is not a big deal to become a commercial pilot. If you have done any other course, you should make sure that it is equivalent to 10+2. Also, the candidate should have cleared it with physics and math, and if not, clear it from NIOS.

Step 2: Clear DGCA Class 2 Medical and Start Pilot Training:

DGCA Class 2 medical

Are you eligible to become a pilot? You’ve taken your discovery dream flight and decided you’d like to learn to fly. Whether you’d like to fly a private airplane or an commercial airplane, the next step is getting your medical certificate. So it’s extremely important for the aspirant to get the medical done before starting his aviation career. Since the candidate needs to make a huge investment to become a pilot, he must first clear medical check-ups. That’s why we recommend aspiring pilots complete their medical formalities before preparing for DGCA ground classes.

DGCA medical is not an activity that consumes a lot of time; all it takes is one day to get the test done and one to two visits to the DGCA medical examiner. Overall, this should not take more than 48 hours of your active time.

So when the candidate starts to prepare for pilot training, he gets in touch with the DGCA medical examiner. The medical examiner helps the student undergo the recommended tests by a certified pathological lab. Then, the candidate submits his medical reports to the DGCA medical examiner. With the medical report being fine and within normal limits, the DGCA authorities issue his DGCA PMR file number. Then he gets his DGCA class 2 medical assessment.

Step 3: Become a Pilot: DGCA CPL Ground Class Preparation

DGCA CPL ground classes

Once the student clears his 12th exam with physics and math, and decides to become a pilot, he can go in for medical. Next, he can start preparing for the DGCA exams at a CPL training ground school. When the aspirant clears his 12th exam, he just needs to divert his high energy towards completing the pilot course. Hence, he must enrol in a ground school as soon as possible. The candidate is more disciplined than otherwise, so one should not lose that momentum. Rather, the candidate should immediately put effort into preparing for the DGCA exams, and he will perform at his best. Hence, he will be able to clear one of the most important parts of CPL training. You can join the best DGCA ground classes in India to get prepared for your DGCA exams or pilot training.

Step 4: Clear DGCA Class 1 Medical and Start Pilot Training:

After class 2 medical, you can apply for class 1 medical with Egca. The process has become way faster than it used to be, so take advantage of it. The validity of class 2 medical is 2 years for commercial pilot training, so within that period you can apply for class 1 medical, and that is only after clearing your class 2 medical, not before that. The DGCA has prescribed different test requirements for the Class 2 and Class 1 medical exams for civil aviation pilots.

Note: You might be wondering: What if someone fails a medical examination? Then what will happen next? Hence, we strongly recommend that the candidate start studying for the pilot career only if he is confident enough to clear all the tests. That’s why we recommend getting a medical before starting your aviation career.

If you have any known medical condition that can affect your aviation career, then don’t get into an aviation course. For those who are unfortunately not privileged with the required level of fitness, there are many other aviation career options, and in our opinion, if you give enough hard work and 100 per cent to any career, you will succeed.

There are a few CPL Ground training institutes that train aspiring students to prepare for DGCA exams, even if they don’t have medical clearance. Upon finding the student to be medically unfit, the institutes refund the student’s fees. So aspiring pilot students have nothing to lose, and they can utilize time more efficiently instead of waiting on medical assessments for months.

Step 5: Get a computer number from DGCA to appear in pilot exams.

computer number to become a pilot in India

The candidate needs a computer number to sit in the DGCA exam, which he is preparing for (DGCA Ground Classes). Many aspiring pilots do not know what a computer number is. Only a very few of them apply for it. And even fewer get it issued. Hence, the candidate must know the importance of the computer number in the pilot training program.

A computer number acts as an enrollment number for the DGCA exam. The DGCA issues a computer number to its customers like a bank issues a bank account number. This computer number stays with the person for a lifetime. The same is true with the DGCA computer number. Or we can say it is the candidate’s roll number for the DGCA papers that are required to become a pilot. The candidate applies for DGCA exams once the DGCA authorities issue him a computer number.

The important point is that you need to be aware of all the procedures. DGCA authorities reject a computer number application on the basis of the smallest of errors made in the application. Hence, the candidate needs to seek guidance from an expert.

Step 6: Become a Pilot: Apply for DGCA Exams for Commercial Pilot License

DGCA pilot exam

The DGCA issues the computer number to the candidate, when it receives the candidate’s 12th certificate, mark sheet, and board verification certificate (BVC) in physics and math. If the educational board has not declared the 12th exam results, then the candidate needs to wait to apply for a computer number. 

Note: The aspirant may have a misconception about whether he can apply for a computer number without having DGCA medical. The answer is yes. The candidate can apply for a DGCA computer number before clearing his medical; nobody is stopping him from doing so. The pilot aspirant uses a computer number for DGCA exams for pilot licenses, whereas he uses a DGCA PMR file number for DGCA medicals. These two enrollment numbers are two separate issuances, and they remain the same throughout your pilot career.

The Pariksha wing of the DGCA manages the computer number, whereas the medical cell of the DGCA handles the PMR file number.

Once the candidate has a computer number, he can apply for DGCA exams. If he plans to do his flying training abroad, then he needs to pass three subjects as follows:

  1. Air Navigation,
  2. Aviation Meteorology
  3. Air Regulations

Flying training to become a pilot in India: Additional Subjects

Candidates planning to do flying training in India need to pass an additional two subjects, which are:

  1. Technical General
  2. Technical Specific

Candidates pass these two exam upon securing 70 percent minimum. The knowledge gained from these two subjects is of utmost importance for the pilot throughout his entire career. An aspiring pilot does not forget the knowledge and information acquired during the DGCA exam, unlike conventional studies for school and college exams. Pilots appear for different pilot license exams throughout their aviation careers. Hence, they must never forget the knowledge but rather keep updating themselves. These exams take place for different categories of licenses. Hence, the candidate needs to prepare in such a way that he never forgets it.

If all that sounds overwhelming to you, you can simply join the DGCA ground classes, which guide students through the process and assist them in computer number applications for those who want to join India’s best online on-demand ground class for DGCA exams.

Many aspiring pilot students cleared their DGCA exams in the first attempt with excellent results. The pilots need this knowledge and resource to succeed in their entire pilot careers.

So this is what a candidate’s first 90 to 120 days in aviation look like. He clears his DGCA exams and medical in the given period (he must ensure to clear his medicals before starting his flight training).

Step 7: Become a Pilot: Join a flight training school to get a commercial pilot license.

best flight training School

After clearing his DGCA theory papers, the candidate needs to join a flying school. One can do flight training in India or may join any flight school abroad. To choose a flight school as per his requirements, the candidate must take into account the following factors:

  1. The completion time
  2. Training quality
  3. Exposures to all parameters flying in a high-air traffic environment“.
  4. Aviation market
  5. Cost of training
  6. Accommodation
  7. Flying infrastructure
  8. Instructors

When the candidate joins the flight school, under normal process can complete the flying training in 12 months. The training involves:

  • Getting a student pilot license.
  • Getting a private pilot license
  • Getting an instrument rating requires building 100 hours of solo flying experience.
  • Getting a commercial pilot license. 

Over all, flight experience in your logbook will be between 200 hours on successful completion. If the candidate finds flight training abroad to be financially unfeasible, he may do it in India. India has excellent flying schools to become an airline pilot, which help the candidate achieve his final goal.

Flight training in India:

India is one of the fastest-growing aviation industries, so choosing a flight school in India is not a bad option. Either all flight schools in India are approved by the DGCA as they become operational, and flight training in India takes 15 to 18 months. As long as the aspiring pilot student has his or her DGCA exams cleared, you will have them cleared before joining the flight school, whether from India or abroad. Flight training involves the practical aspects of flying i.e. different skill set for flying, maneuvers during flight, procedures during take-offs or landings, techniques used by skilled aviators, etc.

Without a doubt, flight training is one of the most memorable and joyous experiences in pilot training that pilots cherish for the rest of their lives. Once you have completed the flight training requirements as per the DGCA stipulation, you are almost ready to get your DGCA commercial pilot license.

Step 8: Get an RTR (A) License

The RTR (A) license holder is responsible for and authorized to operate all radio frequencies and radio equipment on board an aircraft. An aviation enthusiast who is keen to build a career as a commercial pilot or a flight dispatcher, needs the RTR (A) license.

The candidate needs to pass the Radio Telephony Restricted (Aeronautical) or RTR Exam to get a commercial pilot license in India. A combined team of the Wireless Planning Commission (WPC) and DGCA India conducts the exam. The exam consists of two parts. The first part is a practical assessment of your communication capabilities. The second part consists of direct interviews with a WPC representative and a DGCA representative.

The candidate can pass the exam only after clearing both parts in the same attempt. The DGCA authorities call on the successful candidates of the Part 1 RTR (A) exam to clear the exam for Part 2. The WPC declares the RTR (A) Part 1 exam results immediately, but declares the RTR (A) Part 2 exam results 2-3 weeks later.

Candidates from a Commonwealth country looking to get a DGCA CPL can skip the steps of taking the RTR exam in India. Those planning to do the flight training in India need to take the RTR exam.

Step 9: Get Your Commercial Pilot License (CPL) from DGCA: Become a Pilot

The DGCA issues the CPL when the candidate follows the above steps and submits the required documents. Getting the commercial pilot license is akin to the candidate hitting the bull’s eye. While the journey of a pilot career doesn’t end here, getting a DGCA commercial pilot license (CPL) is a remarkable milestone.

The candidate needs to keep chasing the seat in the airline cockpit. He must keep revising the course content in detail. As the airline comes up with the recruitment process, he needs to perform his best during the interview. He achieves his final goal of becoming an airline pilot.

Reading this article must have made the candidate aware of the training. Having this information is important, but at the same time, thinking about all this at once could get overwhelming. So not to worry; keep focusing on the step-by-step process.

Also read: How to get a commercial pilot license

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